Original Omega Speedmaster, Ref 145.022 from 1969 (Pre-Moon) and Powered by Caliber 861
This is an original Omega Speedmaster from 1969. So called Pre-Moon because it features the original Omega Seahorse logo aka 'Hippocampus' on the caseback. The story of the Hippocampus and its origins are interesting; an engraver working for Omega was vacationing in Venice. (If you’ve ever been lucky enough to ride a gondola through the canals of Venice in Italy, its hard to miss that every Gondola has a pair of metal ornamental hippocampi on each side of the boat. These are meant to serve as Talisman as a symbol of protection for the gondolas, drivers, and passengers.) And so it was that in 1958, with Pierre's urging, Omega adopted this symbol for adornment and ornamental engraving on the casebacks of Omega Tool watches. Initially the Hippocampus was featured on the casebacks of Speemdmaster, Railmaster and Seamaster Watches, what Omega considered their 'Tool' watches and as time went on, they were relegated mostly to Seamaster Models.
Later editions of the Speedmaster (post 1969) would find themselves adorned with a variety of NASA and Moon landing sayings like, 'Flight Qualified by NASA for all Manned Space Missions' and or 'The First Watch Worn On the Moon.'
The reality of these Pre Moon Speedmasters is that they were either made before we landed on the moon or before Omega had a chance to revise the caseback to celebrate Man's Greatest Accomplishment.
Tritium luminous material on hands and dial
Hippocampus logo engraved into caseback (no other logos or references to moon landing)
Caseback with removable dust cover to protect the 861 movement
Powered by Caliber 861. Omega introduced the caliber 861 in 1968 as a replacement for the Caliber 321. The Omega caliber 861 is based on a manual winding Lemania Movement, just like the 321. What is unique about the Caliber 861 is that it uses a cam/shuttle system for operating the chronograph instead of the more common column-wheel design. Additionally, the movement is gorgeously executed in mostly copper, or at least when you remove the caseback and dustcover, Copper is mostly what you see!
Bell and Ross